Yeshua's Teachings 2



Matthew 10:1-4



And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease.  2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; 3 Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; 4 Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.



Matthew 10:5-8

5 These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not: 6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 7 And as ye go, preach, saying,  The kingdom of heaven is at hand. 8 Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give.”

These Twelve Yeshua sent forth and COMMANDED them.

An Apostle was a man who was sent forth with a message. This was a functionary of the Temple. This was a man such as the Deacons of today. They actually used the Jewish word for messenger, but as they started to go to foreign lands and speak to non-Jews, they used the Greek word Apostle that also has the conentation of a teacher. Teachers in Judaism were called Batlamim. Apostle went out with the news and then reported back to those that sent them. This mission of the 12 was limited to the Jews. It was a practice run, among the people of the Torah. It was to those LOST Jews who had pulled away from G-D. After Yeshua rose from the grave, they went out to the Goyim (the gentiles, the nations). The Hebrew word for world is Goyim. It means Nations or gentiles. That was Yeshua’s command to them after His Resurrection: go into ALL the World, The Nations, The Goyim, The Gentiles and Preach the Gospel. The literal meaning here of “do not go the way of the Gentiles” had a more significant meaning in the Hebraic meaning. The way of the Gentiles was actually a road in ancient times that led to the cities of the Gentiles, the Decapolis, Deca is ten in Greek and Apolis is cities. The Ten Cities of the Gentiles that were near Israel.

Yeshua NEVER taught or preached to those that were not Jews. We’ll look at this in a minute.  The Shamahites were like fundamentalists, no going among the Gentiles. The Hillites were all for bringing Gentiles into the Kingdom through conversion. They fought constantly about this. No different from the Fundamentalist if today in the Christian Church.

Naturally, Yeshua sided with the Hillelites in this matter. The Hillelites believed that G-D called many into the Abrahamic Covenant, the Shamahites believed that only those born to a Jewish mother were allowed.

Why did Yeshua send the 12 Apostles to the Lost Sheep Of Israel and not the Gentiles? This specifically means –“Don’t speak to the non-Jews”. Yeshua NEVER spoke to a non-Jew. The Centurian was convert in waiting and the Samaritan women was a bastardized Jew, BUT- not of her own choice. In 722BCE the Assyrian King Sargon the second came into the northern kingdoms and took out ALL the Jewish men. He replaced them with Pagan men from all over the then known world. The insuing results was a half Jewish person ( through the Jewish Mother). They were known as Mumserim: Bastards, Dogs. That’s why Yeshua referred to them as “Dogs.”  Even His closest men asked why He would do this? They hated the Samaritans.  Historically, they were Jews, but their religion was filled with Paganism. SOUND FAMILIAR?

They may have been saved, but they knew not what spirit they were of.

There were three basic reasons He sent the Apostles only to the Jews:

1). They were to announce the Messianic Kingdom. If you didn’t know who the Messiah is, how can you understand the Kingdom? What good is announcing the Kingdom to a bunch of people that never heard of the Messiah to start with? Only those that were studying the Word of G-D and waiting on Him and doing His work would be waiting for the Messiah to come. Only the Jews. KAYROOKSO is Greek for PREACHING, and        DEEDASKO is the Greek word for TEACHING. There is a big difference between the two. Preaching is making a statement: “The Messiah has come and if you receive Him as Lord by confessing your sins and asking His Forgiveness, you will be Born From ABOVE, a New Creation!”

Teaching is then going ahead and explaining the statement. With the Gentiles, that was starting from scratch to teach them Judaism. Today they are taught the Roman style of Christianity which borders on Paganism and Blasphemy!

Yeshua knew they were ready to PREACH the Gospel, but not yet ready to TEACH the Gospel. That would take Him going to the Cross, the Grave and pouring His Blood onto the Mercy Seat. And then, the 49 days of the Counting of the Omer. Then they would be ready. Today, the Church doesn’t know the difference between Teaching and Preaching. They don’t have a clue. Like Tythes and Offerings, not a clue.

Reason #2).The Gospel was to come to the Jew first. Why? Because who else were G-D’s people? Who else knew of the Messiah and the Kingdom? Who else to teach the Gentile who were to come in but the Jew. So, they had to know first in order to teach it to all mankind. G-D doesn’t forget His Word. His Word will not come back to Him void. These were His first chosen. If you have two children, do you love the first more than the second? NO! They will always be His Firstborn. They will always be those He Chose First. The Chosen.

I truly believe that the Jews have more leadership ability then the Christians because they have been with YHVH studying His Torah, His Word for over 5000 years! The Christians, less than 2000 Years.  They know the history. It’s been passed down from father to son. They know the customs. The Oracles of G-D were given to the Jew First.  Paul says all through his Epistles that the Christians can learn a lot from the Jews. This is the reason that G-d Hardened their hearts and blinded their eyes until the full count of the Gentiles comes in to the Abrahamic Covenant. The Jews would dictate to the Christians, and one of two things would happen: The Gentiles would not use their free will, or, the Gentiles would try to wipe out every last Jew because of jealousy. G-d absolutely knows what He is doing. What can a 20 year old learn from a 100 year old? PLENTY! But, will he listen?  No.

3). The Jews had the needed foundation of the faith, The Torah Teachings.  You can’t come up with some new doctrines and jam it into the church; it has to be the Foundation of the Church. The Jews were the only ones studying the Torah. The Roman Church came along and planted all this Paganism into the Church and it took root and bloomed. G-D does not accept it. G-D and His Word, His Torah, are ONE!!!

These were the reasons Yeshua went to the Jew first.

Now, after He went to the Jews, they then went out with miracles confirming the Word of G-d, The Gentiles heard it and saw what the Jews were getting and they wanted in on it too. The Samaritan women that Yeshua referred to as a “Dog” said that even Dogs get crumbs from the Master’s Table. And Yeshua turns to her and says that even though she doesn’t know the Torah, she has FAITH!! He turns to His Disciples and says: “Such Faith I have not even seen among you who know Torah, you Jews.” She asked Him twice.

He charged them. To CHARGE means He directed them. He taught them. He coached them in what to say. And they went out all excited and the Kingdom of G-d was on the move! Through them! They were PREACHING, not yet TEACHING.

He told them: “ and into any of the cities of the Samaritans, enter you not.”  All of the Samaritans held certain factors of Judaism in their faith and claimed to be believers. We Know that the beginning of the Samaritans was in 722BCE with the Assyrian defeat and that whole Magillah. That alone was not the problem with the Jews. If we go back to 332 BCE in the book of Nehemiah 2:10 and we see people like Sanballat and Tobiah. They were enemies of Israel and Nehemiah and the Temple. Sanballat was the Governor of Samaria under the Persians and he opposed Israel during Nehemiah’s time. The Bible tells us that Nehemiah spit on him, and kicked him and pulled all his hair out and ran him off. He ticked Nehemiah off and paid the consequences. Sanballat took up with Alexander the Great and got permission from Alexander the Great to build a SECOND Temple on Mt Jerzeem. Mt Jerzeem was on one side and Mt. Eball was on the other side. When they were ratifying the 613 laws, 365 thou shalt nots, and 248 thou shalts, he got half the group on one side and the other half on the other side. One was called the Mt of Blessing, Mt Jerzeem. One was called the Mt of Cursing, Mt Eball. And he yells out to them and has them read ALL the Blessings on Mt Jerzeem. “I’M blessed when I’m coming in and I’m blessed when I’m going out “ Dt 28. All the Blessings. And they all said Amen! we will do that, and we ratify that! And we will be Blessed.

And then he had them read all the Cursings on Mt Eball. And said: if you DON’T do these, you will be Blessed! And the Samaritans said AMEN. And he built the Samaritan Temple on Mt Jerzeem, the Mt of Blessings.                                                          Josephus says that they built it in revenge toward the Jews who wouldn’t let them go into the Temple at Jerusalem unless they were Converted to Judaism. Much as they did to the Ethiopians in this century. Because of the Jewish mother thing, they had a right to go into the Temple in Jerusalem, as Jews. But they keep creating their own animosity toward the Jews. We see Yeshua addressing this in John Ch 4.  Anyway, Sanballat got his permission from Alexander the Great, a Great Pagan. He built it for his son in law Manassah, and made him the High Priest of this Temple. Further ticking off the Jews (and probably upsetting G-D). There was big money in this Temple thing. He also opened up a rival worship center to the Jerusalem Temple, according to Josephus, and, that also caused hard feelings.

There are four major problems that developed causing a deep rift between the Jews and the Samaritans.

1). The Samaritans accepted the Torah only. No other books!

2). The Samaritans built a rival Temple in Samaria.

3). The Samaritans were only considers half Jews. 2 Kings 17:6

6” In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.”                                                               Hoshea is Sargon the Second. Some of these Pagans that he transplanted became Believers through their wives. Not converted by Jewish standards, but illegal standards of Paganism. This is why the Jews and Samaritans  hated each other. During the Regallim, the three holy days that the Jews come in from everywhere to go to the Temple, the Samaritans are up on Mt Jerzeem instead of Jerusalem.  So when Nehemiah comes back and the Samaritans want to get involved in building the Temple, Nehemiah says: No way. You have polluted yourselves! You have intermarried with Pagans and built your own Temple! You believed and did things that are not from G-D’s Word.  Get Lost!!! The Jews Hated them as much as they hated the Jews.

4). As I said, the Jewish men over 20 years old had to come back to Jerusalem, to the Temple, three times a year: during the Feasts of Passover, Tabernacles and Pentecost. And the Guys in Samaria who had forsaken G-D, following Jeroboam, instead of Solomon’s son Rehaboam, erected a Golden Calf on the Southern Border of Samaria at Bethel. This was the Calf they were to worship instead of  going to Jerusalem to Worship G-d. To them worship was worship, but they didn’t follow     G-D’s Word.  And on the Northern border, at Dan, he erects another Golden Calf! And he says that this is the god who took us out of Egypt. During that same time, for some forgotten reason, a group of Samaritans slaughtered a group of Jews going to the Temple. And because of these incidents, the hatred toward the Samaritans by the Jews, and the Jews by the Samaritans was intense in the time of Yeshua. There are still 5-600 living this way in Nabulus.

Yeshua personally goes there because it is still the Promised Land and wins many half Jews to G-D’s Kingdom.

 Ok, the next scripture in our study refers to the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel. The Lost here, is from the second perfect participle Ap oh lumi, which means: to be straying away. Losing their way.Getting lost. This is Yeshua using Remez, hinting back. And here it’s to Ezekeil34. Where the Lord G-D says, my people are like LOST and scattered sheep. The term LOST there doesn’t mean going to hell. First of all, He calls them,”His” sheep. The Concept is that the people of G-D have been hurt and made angry. They have been broken and driven off. And to this Yeshua says that He is the Great Shepherd that will bind them up and help them. Ezekiel 34:11-16

11 For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I, even I, will both search my sheep, and seek them out. 12 As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day.  13 And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land, and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the country. 14 I will feed them in a good pasture, and upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be: there shall they lie in a good fold, and in a fat pasture shall they feed upon the mountains of Israel. 15 I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord GOD. 16 I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up that which was broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.”

Yeshua comes on the scene Luke 19:10 and says

10 For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.

Then in John 10:11

11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.




The Lord G-d Himself is telling us that He will come and find His Lost Sheep in the End time as Messiah. He will find them and take care of them and save them. That is His promise. He is telling His Apostles, go to the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel, feed them and clothe them and love them and tell them that I have come!

There is something else I want to touch on tonight. The Anglo-Saxon Theory, Garner Armstrong teaches this along with more pastors than I care to mention. It’s known as the Anglo Saxon concept. The British Israelism theory. It’s a theory with no Biblical bases and it’s man made about 200 years ago. The theory is based on the fact that in 722BCE the Ten Northern Tribes of Israel were carried off and decimated. (By the Assyrians) today’s Nazis. These Ten Tribes were the ones who turned on G-d and told the Powers to be in Judaism to take the House of David and stick it in your ear. That included the House of Solomon and Messiah. They would not believe in Messiah. They put up two Golden Calves and said: “These are the gods that took us out of the land of Egypt. ”  But according to Mishnah and The bible, the believers in those ten tribes filtered down into the Two southern tribes, Judah and Benjamin and filled them to overflowing. By the time 722 BCE arrived  the Assyrians thought they were capturing G-D fearers and assimilating them among the Pagan’s, there were  no believers left! The two tribes began to swell and the ten tribes began to shrink! Remember Elijah with Jezebell and Ahab. Elijah’s complaining that he is all alone with no one to side with him and G-D says to just shut up. He has 7,000 believers still there in the North. Poor Elijah is sent up there to give them their last chance. By this time all of these Jews are Pagans. Elijah doesn’t see the 7,000 that G-D has kept there for the purpose of getting the Believers out. They also kill Jezebell.  When you read the Book of Acts and the Book of Revelation, you see the name Israel a lot. There were all twelve  tribes in Israel when Sargon decimated the unbelievers up north. There is a remnant in Israel today of all twelve tribes and none of them could have come from what Sargon carried off.

Anyway, let me give you this theory : When the Lost Tribes were carried off in 722 the believers of those tribes, as we see in

2Chronicles 11:5-17:

5 And Rehoboam dwelt in Jerusalem, and built cities for defense in Judah. 6 He built even Bethlehem, and Etam, and Tekoa, 7 And Bethzur, and Shoco, and Adullam, 8 And Gath, and Mareshah, and Ziph, 9 And Adoraim, and Lachish, and Azekah, 10 And Zorah, and Aijalon, and Hebron, which are in Judah and in Benjamin fenced cities. 11 And he fortified the strong holds, and put captains in them, and store of victual, and of oil and wine. 12 And in every several city he put shields and spears, and made them exceeding strong, having Judah and Benjamin on his side.

13 And the priests and the Levites that were in all Israel resorted to him out of all their coasts.  14 For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem: for Jeroboam and his sons had cast them off from executing the priest’s office unto the LORD: 15 And he ordained him priests for the high places, and for the devils, and for the calves which he had made. 16 And after them out of all the tribes of Israel such as set their hearts to seek the LORD God of Israel came to Jerusalem, to sacrifice unto the LORD God of their fathers. 17 So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon strong, three years: for three years they walked in the way of David and Solomon.

There were NO believers left up north. Those that hold to the concept of British Israelism, make a distinction between the words Jew and Israel. They claim that the Jews were the ones carried off to Babylon and who retained their Jewishness and that the other Ten found there way to the Anglo Saxon world of Great Britain and America. They say that the Jews that came back from Babylon were corrupted and they are not the real Jews! The real Jews are the ones that intermarried from the ten tribes. And this blood is in the British and American Believer. Of course, Yeshua’s earthly family came back from Babylon, but we won’t go there. There are all kinds of fallacies in this doctrine of devils. The word Jews is mentioned in scripture 200 times and the name Israel is interchangeable with these 200 – 78 Times!!  And this is AFTER the captivity!! (2nd Kings chapter 17). The word Jew comes from Yehuda, man of praise,  and all twelve  tribes called themselves Yahudim, Men of Praise. The Hebrew Bible has only Jews and Gentiles. The Christian Bible has Jews, Gentiles and the Church of G-D. That’s a whole weird doctrine there . That’s where Jews for Jesus come from. Watch out for all that demonic garbage. It is really dangerous!  The scriptures in Rom 3:9/ 3:29/9:24/10:32 where it says that there are Jews and Gentiles and the Church of G-D. These scriptures are saying that the Church Of YHVH is made up of Jews and Gentiles. NOT that the Church of G-D is separate and different  from the Jews and Gentiles. What Trash!! The term Jew is used to represent ALL the tribes of Israel, not just Judah and Benjamin. Look at Matthew19:28/Acts 26:7/ in acts 26:7 it talks about OUR TWELVE TRIBES. If ten of them are lost, I wonder why they don’t know? James 1:1 tells us James is writing to all TWELVE TRIBES. Not just the two tribes, but all twelve tribes. At that time Jews were already known in Synagogs all over the world. It’s to these G-d fearers that he is writing. In Rev 7:4: All twelve Tribes are sealed. In fact Multitudes of believing Jews in all Twelve tribes are mentioned here. Then in Rev21:12, same thing.  The term Israel is found in scripture 1280 times before the division of the Twelve Tribes and 1069 after the 722BCE when the Ten Tribe Kingdom is destroyed. The returning captives are called ALL OF ISRAEL. Not ALL of Judah. This doctrine doesn’t make sense. Ezra2:2/v59/v70 - ch3V1 – chi 6V 21 just to name a few places that refer to Israel after the Separation.  Ezra 6:21 calls them the Children Of Israel! Well, enough of that! Back to Matt ch10vs 7&8Matthew 10:7-8

7 And as ye go, preach, saying,  The kingdom of heaven is at hand. 8 Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give.

The phrase, as you go preach., Means as you go ……..Preach the Gospel. Be instant in season and out. The Shmah says that everywhere you go, preach. Coming in and going out. Laying down and getting up. As you go….Preach!  Yeshua is saying; “Go to the Jews who are expecting Me. Tell them I’ve arrived. The Kingdom of Heaven is HERE! They know I’m coming, no Teaching, just Preaching. As you know, Kingdom of G-d is a Gentile expression. Yeshua called it the Kingdom of Heaven. We should use the same Name that Yeshua did.  The HaShem, The Name. Heaven is a synonym for G-d. We are not to use the Name in a light manner. Not in vain, but,  in a light manner. When talking to Jews, Yeshua never said G-D’s name. He always used synonyms. Heaven is G-d, so is Water and North and Up.  These all mean G-D. It’s all Hebraic and it’s all Yeshua.  Ok let’s finish. What’s “at hand” mean? It means it’s here, now.    When you pray for someone tell them that the Kingdom of G-d is HERE! The balance of the things that are that they are now for the first time in all Adamic History, man is going to do the Messianic Healings that only Messiah was able to do! Isaiah 29:18-19

18 And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book, and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and out of darkness. 19 The meek also shall increase their joy in the LORD, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel. 

Freely you have received, freely give. Yeshua confirmed who He was by what He did!!! Since you learned the Word from   G-d without payment, teach it without payment.

Teachers of the Word of G-d in Yeshua’s day found work to sustain them. They would never take a dime for teaching the Word of G-D. If you appreciate your Pastor, and you want to help him out financially, Great! But he should not be paid for Teaching or Preaching G-D’s Word. Honor G-D. The song says it best: Freely, freely you have received, freely, freely give, go in My Name and because you Believe, people will know that I LIVE!  Go preach and teach in His Name. Learn the truth and do it too. And people will know that He Lives!!!

Boruch HaShem!
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About Harvey Cohen

Rabbi Harvey Cohen has been serving the community's spiritual and physical needs through Bosko Ministries since 1983.

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